Plastic is a wonder material , cheap ,strong and long lasting ,capable of being shaped into any conceivable shape.It has proved so useful to humans from 60-70 years ,and in these 70 years we have produced 8.3 Billion Metric tonnes of plastic .
but after 70 years we realize that it could be harmful for other livings of our planet , but humans could find themselves among them , in last 70 years 79 per cent of plastic has been produced and thrown away in to outside of world and into landfill . Just 9 per cent of plastic recycled in these 70 years .
Use of plastic is “an uncontrolled experiment on a global scale ” described by scientists .
we throw more than eight million tonnes plastics in the ocean every year , it is estimated there will be more plastic in oceans then fish by 2050 if we cannot find a way to stop it ,99 per cent of all the seabirds on the planet will have consumed some. in present sea contains approximate 51 trillion microplastic particles – more then 500 times than stars in our galaxy .
we can found it in all over the planet, with 300 billion pieces in the arctic and a remote island in the pacific, the uninhabited henderson island .
The Bioplastic Labyrinth
Plastic is a material that Earth cannot digest. Every bit of plastic ever produced still exists and will be here with us for hundreds of years. Once in the environment, plastic breaks down into smaller and smaller particles that attract toxic chemicals, are ingested by wildlife on land and in the ocean, and contaminate our food chain.
Our oceans and waterways are full of these small particles, which currents accumulate in convergence zones called gyres, located in the center of the word’s oceans. The most notable of these is called “the Great Pacific Garbage Patch,” but while the idea of a giant patch of garbage in the ocean is unsettling, the reality is more so: a planetary soup of small bits of plastic that circulate throughout the water column and which we have no hope of cleaning up.
However, plastics are not destroying our environment and compromising our health by themselves. It is our use of them that has catastrophic consequences. A material that lasts hundreds of years in the environment should never be used for applications that last seconds, minutes, hours, or even days. In addition, a material that has complex, non-transparent formulations involving toxic additives should not be in contact with our food and drink.
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There’s also the question of ecological footprint. In order to make bioplastics we need land, water, energy, and often pesticides and genetically modified crops. Given the enormity of our plastic consumption, one wonders what impacts we would see on food prices and resources if we transitioned to bio-based packaging.
In comparison, using paper, glass, or metal is simple: We know the ingredients, we know that these materials truly are recyclable, and we have the infrastructure and resources to produce and recycle them today. Reusable items, meanwhile, are simply better for the environment.
Nobody wants to demonize biodegradable plastics. However, we should ask tough questions before accepting anything new with a green label on it. Otherwise our eagerness to solve a problem might make us easy victims of green washing or lead us in a direction that could trigger or aggravate other environmental and health problems. Even worse, we might be hampering or delaying the adoption of effective, sustainable solutions, namely changes of habits, and deep changes in the ways products are designed, manufactured, packaged and discarded.
Plastic can disrupt hormones crucial for a healthy existence , as some plastic contains toxic . even when it is not dangerous it can destroy environment of our planet because it act like magnet for a range of other poisons and other waste that we thrown out in this environment . In sea turtle see it as jelly fish ,seagull eat plastic as testy snakes because it looks like floating jelly fishes on surface of water .
WHY WE SHOULD HAVE TO WORRY ABOUT POLLUTION IN SEA
killing of sea creatures is bad for we humans because we consume so much of it ourselves . according to a report of United Nations Food and Agriculture some 92.6 million tonnes were caught in 2015 . Thrown tonnes of plastic eating by animals and fishes ,we are already eating some of plastic we have thrown into sea , and just like other animals plastic can find its way into the tissues of human bodies and that will potentially harmful for us .
Thirty counties joined UN’s CleanSea campaign including UK , CANADA ,FRANCE,INDONESIA,SIERRA LEON,BRAZIL,NORWAY,ITALY, COSTA RICA , KENYA,PERU. The US,China,Japan and Russia have not.